Munich Glyptothek (Münchener Glyptothek)
Glyptothek in Munich is the first of three in the world Glyptotek. By definition - a collection of ancient sculptures. The Munich Glyptotek exhibited sculptures and reliefs of ancient Greece and Rome, which, in a sense, the volume reference works of art.
Glyptothek was founded in Munich in 1830 on the initiative of the Bavarian King Ludwig I, who was at that time still Crown Prince. The monarch since 1803 collected sculptures, which subsequently became the basis for the opening of the Glyptothek, in which Ludwig I went on further expansion of the collections. Thanks to his court librarian and the term "Glyptothek" from the Greek word «glypton» («sculpture"), by analogy with the "Pinakothek" (literally - "store pictures").
The building of the Glyptothek stands on the north side of Königsplatz (Königsplatz) - similar to the ancient Forum area. Designed by Ludwig I «the area of culture" was built in 1815 by renowned German architect Leo von Klenze. The facade is decorated with dozens of Ionic columns, surmounted by Johann Martin von performed by Wagner gable sculptural group that glorifies the goddess Athena Art. The outer walls have no windows Glyptothek, but they decorated the outside niches where the statues are representing art historical figures and mythical characters associated with the art. From the area of the facade is decorated with the figure of Hephaestus, Phidias, and Pericles, Hadrian, Prometheus and Daedalus. On the eastern and western walls - sculptured images of the arts of the Renaissance and the beginning of the XIX century.
The Second World War destroyed the building of the Glyptothek and swallowed some of the valuable collection. After the restoration of the museum was opened only in 1972.
Now Glyptothek consists of 13 rooms, arranged around a courtyard, which go all the windows of the building. In the various rooms of a round, square and rectangular display collections that illustrate more than one era. There are exhibits from the Archaic to the Late Roman, covering, respectively, the time range from about 650 BC and up to 400 AD
Especially valuable are the temple of Athena pediment figures of the Greek island of Aegina, related to the archaic period. The classical period is reflected in the sculptures of Alexander the Great, Homer and other unique exhibits. Suffice is famous antique marble statue of the Hellenistic period "Barberini Faun". Roman sculpture presents a wide collection of busts of prominent figures.
Location: Germany, Munich, Königsplatz.
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